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물에 대하여.. Learn About Water

2008.07.26 13:06

류짜장 조회 수:30724

From : Rainsoft.com 

Learn About Water

Understanding Water

It may seem hard to swallow, but that tall glass of ice water you had with dinner last night also may have helped refresh a thirsty brontosaurus eons ago.

Contrary to popular belief, water is not a renewable resource. It is finite. The water you use today is literally the same water that existed on the planet billions of years ago. Nature recycles water. It doesn't make new.

Also, as you no doubt learned in school, over two-thirds of the earth's surface is covered by water. But did you know that only about 2.8 percent of it is fresh water? And, more critically, did you know that only about 0.3 percent of the earth's total water supply is usable by humans?

In the last decade of the 20th century alone, the earth's population increased by more than one billion people. At present rates, over the next 50 to 90 years the world's population will more than double. The demand on water supplies is growing exponentially. Clearly, understanding and using scarce water resources wisely is vital. Our very survival as a species depends on it.

Demands on Water Resources Continue to Increase

Count the ways you and your family use water. Drinking. Cooking. Bathing. Doing laundry. Housecleaning. Watering the lawn. Washing the car. Giving the dog a bath. In industrialized countries, the average family of four consumes 250 gallons of water each day.

But that's only a small part of the water usage picture. So many of the things that we take for granted, things that make our lives easier, also depend on water—vast quantities of water

Consider that it took approximately 100,000 gallons of water to manufacture your family's car. The newspaper that landed on your doorstep last Sunday morning soaked up 280 gallons of water just to print. And that five-pound sack of flour sitting on your kitchen shelf required 375 gallons of water to produce. In the United States, water consumption increased by more than 100 percent in the last half century. In the same period, it rose by more than 500 percent in Europe and 300 percent in Africa. Many experts predict world consumption will double by 2020.

Concerns About Water Quality

You're not alone if you're concerned about the water you and your family drink. A survey by the Water Quality Association found that three-quarters of Americans don't believe their household water supply is as safe as it could be. In a recent USA Today/CNN/Gallup Poll, 47 percent of respondents reported they won't drink water straight from the tap.

Environmental problems have an enormous impact on water quality. Water runoff from industrial plants and farms, acid rain and other forms of pollution have tainted groundwater and surface water supplies in many areas of the world. Population growth, urban and suburban sprawl, and industrial and agricultural expansion continue to stress fresh water supplies.

Water contamination problems, epidemic in the developing world, also routinely occur in highly industrialized nations. In the last half dozen years, numerous cases have been recorded in the United States, affecting tens of millions of consumers in more than 1,000 communities.

Some of the most serious incidents have involved bacteria. A 1993 outbreak of cryptosporidium in Milwaukee affected more than 400,000 residents and caused more than 100 attributable deaths. Other virulent pathogens have also intruded into municipal water supplies with alarming frequency.

Some Answers

Today governments around the globe, on every level, are investing hundreds of billions of dollars to improve infrastructure and mandate higher water quality standards. In addition, more and more individuals are relying on modern home water treatment systems to assure an ample supply of fresh, pure water for their families at the most local of all levels—the home.

Learn About Water Facts

Surprising Facts About Water

물에 대한 놀라운 사실들

Did You Know. . .

알고 계셨습니까?

According to nutritionists and healthcare professionals, we need to drink four or more glasses of water every day in order to stay healthy.

영양학자와 의료전문가들에 의하면, 우리는 건강을 유지하기 위해 매일 4컵 이상의 물을 마셔야 합니다.

Water is the only substance on Earth naturally found in three elemental forms: solid, liquid and gas.

물은  고체, 액체, 기체의 3가지 자연적인 형태로 존재하는 지구상의 유일한 물질입니다.

Nature does not create new water — it recycles the same water that existed on Earth billions of years ago.

자연은 새로운 물을 만들어내지 않습니다. - 10억년 전부터 지구상에 존재하는 물이 재사용되고 있습니다.

Each day the sun causes about one trillion tons of water to evaporate.

날마다 태양이 약1조 톤의 물을 증발시키고 있습니다.

Americans use about 26.1 billion gallons of water per day for household chores.

미국인들은 하루에 261억 갤런의 물을 집안일에 사용하고 있습니다.

On average, each person in the United States uses between 80 and 100 gallons of water per day. The largest use of household water is to flush the toilet and to take showers and baths.

평균적으로, 미국의 사람들은 날마다 80~100갤런의 물을 사용합니다.

집안에서 사용되는 물의 대부분은 화장실 물을 내리고, 샤워나 목욕을 하는데 사용합니다.

An ear of corn is 80 percent water.

곡물인 옥수수의 80%는 물입니다.

Nearly 70 percent of the human body is made up of water — the lungs alone are 90 percent water and the brain, 70 percent.

사람 몸의 70%가 물로 구성되어 있습니다. - 폐의 90%, 뇌는 70%가 물로 구성되어 있습니다.

On average, 50 to 70 percent of summer household water use is for watering lawns and gardens.

평균적으로 여름에 가정에서 사용하는 물의 50~70%는 정원등에 물을 주는데 사용합니다.

Americans drink more than one billion glasses of tap water per day.

미국인들은 하루에 10억잔 이상의 수돗물을 먹습니다.

Every year Americans consume 2.5 billion gallons of bottled water.

해년마다 미국인은 25억 갤런의 생수를 소비하고 있습니다.

Water facilitates weight loss and helps you stay healthy and regular, especially important when you are on a diet.

물은 체중감량을 촉진시키며, 당신의 건강을 유지하는데 도움을 주며, 특히 당신의 다이어트에 중요합니다.

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